socio-political values


socio-political values
China’s transition from a Stalinist to a ‘socialist market economy’ has greatly impacted the Chinese socio-political values. Since the 1980s, China has been seized by a series of crazes: from ‘knowledge’, ‘diploma’, ‘college’ and ‘going abroad’, to ‘doing business’, ‘purchasing stocks’, ‘investing in real properties’ and ‘maximizing income sources’.
The transition is marked by the coexistence of mixed values. The dominant traditional values of patriarchy, egalitarianism and contempt for profitmaking are declining. Western values are making inroads: 44.2 per cent of a survey sample chose Bill Gates as their hero while only 13 per cent picked Paul Kortchagine, a USSR Communist model popular among elder Chinese. Law is increasingly important in everyday life. Cases of litigation have risen exponentially.
Hatred for wealth is replaced by envy. The Leninist idea of ‘All individuals are only gear wheels in a great mechanics’ is yielding to that of self-realization through talent. Belief in money’s omnipotence is pervasive, so much so that corruption runs rampant despite risks of harsh punishment. Consumers are often victimized by profiteers. While emphasis on love improves the quality of marriage, divorce, extramarital affairs and prostitution are also on the rise.
Meanwhile, new socio-political values are stemming from the economic reform, characterized by Deng Xiaoping’s maxim: ‘Any cat, black or white, that catches mice is good.’ When asked whether they preferred socialism or capitalism, 52 per cent of the samples surveyed did not care. Even the CCP begins to represent the Chinese interests across the board instead of a few segments.
See also: consumerism; morality; reform (ideological justifications); ‘socialist spiritual civilization’; xiahai
YUAN HAIWANG

Encyclopedia of contemporary Chinese culture. . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • political culture in Singapore — Singapore is a multiethnic society, with political influence institutionally from the West and culturally from the East. On a 250 square mile island between the Indian Ocean and the South China Sea, Singapore is among the richest countries in the …   Encyclopedia of Contemporary Chinese Culture

  • Political ideologies in the United States — vary considerably. Persons in the U.S. generally classify themselves either as adhering to American liberalism, American conservatism or as moderates. American liberalism aims at the preservation and extension of human, social and civil rights as …   Wikipedia

  • Values education — is a term used to name several things and there is much academic controversy surrounding it. [Robb, W M (1995) Some problems with values education and values in education.NAVET Papers, Vol. XIII.] Some regard it as all aspects of the process by… …   Wikipedia

  • political philosophy — Branch of philosophy that analyzes the state and related concepts such as political obligation, law, social justice, and constitution. The first major work of political philosophy in the Western tradition was Plato s Republic. Aristotle s… …   Universalium

  • Socio-economic issues in India — Since India s Independence in 1947, country has faced several social and economic issues. Contents 1 Overpopulation 2 Economic issues 2.1 Poverty 2.2 Sanitation …   Wikipedia

  • World Values Survey — Type Non profit association Founded 1981 Location …   Wikipedia

  • Asian values — was a concept that came into vogue briefly in the 1990s to justify authoritarian regimes in Asia, predicated on the belief in the existence in Asian countries of a unique set of institutions and political ideologies which reflected the region s… …   Wikipedia

  • Institute for socio-economic and political studies — The Institute for Socio Economic and Political Studies (ISEPS) is a non governmental, non partisan think tank. The mission of the Institute is to provide in depth analysis of the evolving social, economic and political situation in the world and… …   Wikipedia

  • human rights — For much of the post 1949 period human rights was a taboo subject in the PRC, or dismissed as a bourgeois slogan irrelevant to a socialist society. Towards the late 1970s, however, as a result of both domestic changes and China’s increasing… …   Encyclopedia of Contemporary Chinese Culture

  • Party advertising and self-promotion — As Victor Klemperer noted in his classic study of totalitarian language, The Language of the Third Reich, political sloganeering and propaganda (‘public enlightenment’) campaigns have a symbiotic relationship with the language of advertising.… …   Encyclopedia of Contemporary Chinese Culture


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.